Knowledge Management

13/ Vegetable Business​ Has Grown Considerably for Ta Kaong Producer Group, in Amleang Commune, Thpong District, Kampong Speu Province

As the population grows steadily, the growing demand for vegetables in Cambodia increases respectively, especially for GAP (Good Agriculture Practices) vegetables whose production techniques are strictly applied. Vegetables are a healthy food that is widely needed in families, restaurants, clubs, hotels, etc. Some of them are exported as well. However, actually, Cambodia is still dependent on vegetable import from Vietnam and Thailand for its domestic supplement.

The continuing import of vegetables from abroad indicates an imbalance between supply and production, meaning that productivity is relatively low in both quantity and quality, development of supply chain does not satisfy market demands, new technologies are not fully accessible by farmers and communities, lack of market linkage mechanism associated with cropping calendar, insufficient ownership and confidence in forming and leading producer group to work collectively on harvesting, conservation, maintenance and sanitation of vegetables the members produce. In addition, producers are facing transportation problems, unsatisfied market information mechanisms, accurate cropping calendar, etc.

To contribute to addressing the farmer’s production and market challenges, the Accelerating Inclusive Markets for Stallholders project (AIMS) has intervened by setting up a vegetable producer group in Ta Kaong village, Amleang commune, Thpong district, Kampong Speu province. With good leadership and management, the group can take better responsibility and ownership of its own accurate cropping based on the market demand and establishes links with value chain actors including traders, input suppliers, and service providers. In order to ensure a consistent quantity and good quality of product with regular supply volume and a good selling price, Ta Kaong Vegetable Producer Group, with strong support from AIMS, has signed a buying-selling agreement between the buyer and the producer group. More important support under AIMS is that some members of the producer group have received a low-interest loan from the Agricultural and Rural Development Bank (ARDB) for supporting the expansion of production volume and marketing of vegetables. Both the producers and the buyer have mutual benefits in terms of increasing the number of mixed vegetables to meet market demand and generating household incomes by 3-4 times after the project intervention. For more information, see the link

12/ Chea Ti’s New Meat Poultry Production Model Has Earned Double Profit

The Cambodian smallholders have raised the chicken with no proper production model or system, so they always get a small amount of income and can’t link to the market demand. AIMS project has established Producer Group (PO) and Business Cluster (BC) for building trust between the main three actors such as producers, buyers, and input suppliers or service providers for the purpose of their business linkage.

To respond to the demand of the poultry market, in especially market demand, namely Green Garden Market which is the country level buyer and located in Phnom Penh, AIMS project has initiated a Producer Group of 44 households at Trapaing Thom Village, Roma Commune, Treang District, Takeo Province. As production of chicken meat, the Producer Group has accepted and applied Chea Ti’s model. Then all of the group farmers have success in chicken meat production within earning the net profit from around $ 1.45 to $ 2. 09 US dollars in one chicken and the volume of chicken meat production increased from 2, 200 chicken to 2, 500 chicken per month.  For more information, see the link

11/ Increasing Market Access of Lemongrass After Becoming A Member of AC’s Vegetable Producer Group

After saw successes of neighbors and had a vision to upscale vegetable business in the future, Lim Sokleap requested to become a member of the vegetable producer group of the Agriculture Cooperative’s (AC) which was initiated by AIMS project. Before 2018, she mainly focused on mung bean, cassava, and rubber trees. After joining the vegetable producer group and with her hard work and keen to learn something new in terms of agricultural know-how, her agricultural commodities are easily access to markets and her incomes have been gradually increased from 11,000,000 Riel to 26,005,000 Riel. For more information, see the link

10/ Cassava Contract Farming Provides Steady Income for Smallholder Farmers in Dounpa Village of Stung Treng Province

A community in Stung Treng Province, with about 45 households of a cassava producer cluster have successfully signed a contract with Pheng Pengeang Cassava Enterprise for approximately 700 tons of fresh cassava for 3 months in 2018, which will be cultivated in around 64 hectares of cassava plantation and 43 hectares grown in along the remaining land space of cashew nut plantation in Daun Pa Village, Srae Russey Commune, Thala Borivat District. Cassava will be sold to the company at a higher price than the market price, giving hundreds of farmers a chance to earn a better living. This group was trained on technical aspects of cassava cultivation by the Provincial Department of Agriculture, Forestry, and Fisheries, a specialized department in the province. Many smallholders in the cluster and nearby communities are now using the techniques they learned to improve their production. About 31 out of 45 total households have higher commitments to expand their investments in cassava cultivation by borrowing additional capital from AMRET to an estimated US$ 30,000. This additional capital has been utilized by the smallholder farmers in expanding their production capacity and purchase good input supplies such as fertilizers, seed materials, and others. Currently, the members of this cluster are strongly drawing their attention in the cluster and Multi-Stakeholder Platform (MSP) meetings to get additional techniques in cultivating cassava and solving current issues and challenges in marketing, as well as in meeting the terms and conditions in the contract farming arrangement. For more information, see the link

09/ Strong Passionate, Highly Committed Lead to Success in Poultry Business

Before being part of AIMS supported chicken cluster member, her family main source of income based on agriculture farming. In addition, her husband makes additional incomes through log cutting, away from family. According to Sam Nimol, her family living conditions at that time faced so many difficulties and hardship as the only income sources resting on her husband’s shoulder. With limited financial incomes, she owed money to her neighbors.

In 2018, after AIMS started to work in her community, Sam Nimol decided to enroll as a chicken cluster member in Koh Thom village. After being part of AIMS supported chicken cluster members, she acquired technical skills and knowledge on poultry. This business makes her family living condition much better off. Now she can afford money to support her family and her children going to school, without having to borrow​ money from her neighbors”. For more information, see the link

08/ A Systemic Cooperation of Key Actors to Better the Enabling Environment for Fragrant Rice Production and Market in Monkol Borei District, Banteay Meanchey Province

A quality assured rice producer group in Trabek village is within Trabek Cluster of Quality Assured Rice that covered 04 villages with 97 family members, located in Banteay Neang commune, Mongkol Borei district, Banteay Meanchey province, was established by AIMS in 2019.

This producer group has received a series of support from the AIMS such as Business Literacy Training, technical training, and market linkage. In between 2019 to 2020, they have engaged twice into contract farming with local traders on a total of 124ha of farmland, in which the post-harvest crop yield collection on average about 86% compared to contract volumes, particularly the second crop yield rate is much lower. Drought and lack of water sources become a big challenge for farmers and caused their second post-harvest crop was not enough supplied according to the contract farming. Owing to this problem encountered, the producer groups and commune authorities met and discussed trying to find ways to rehabilitate a big lake, which is the main water source in the vicinity, to ensure irrigation of the area and increase rice production.  For more information, see the link

07/ Local Buyer Led Vegetable Business Cluster in Kaheng Commune of Kampong Speu Province

Kaheng vegetable cluster was formed by the AIMS project on May 10, 2018, with 28 member producers, three (3) inputs suppliers, and three (3) buyers from four (4) villages in Kaheng commune, Samrong Torng District, Kampong Speu province. The Peri-Urban Agriculture Cooperative (PUAC) has been playing as an active local vegetable buyer/collector for the cluster, with more than 1,000 households, of which 130 households are vegetable producers. There are 35 households that are actively producing vegetables that are supplying regularly to PUAC. PUAC and the producers within the cluster have been collaborating with the AIMS project activities by attending meetings of the multi-stakeholder platform (MSP), business to business (B2B), and business to services (B2S). Under AIMS’ facilitation, PUAC signed an agri-business agreement with 12 cluster members of Kaheng.  For more information, see the link

06/ Gradual Approach in Achieving Success in Backyard Chicken Raising in Lve Thmei Village of Takeo Province

Mrs. Hoy Lin, lives in Lve Thmei Village, Praimbei Mum Commune, Treang District, Takeo Province, and is one successful target beneficiaries among 100 farmers. She is an active representative of his community in the backyard chicken cluster. Currently, she is a chief board director of Morodok Rungreoueng Agricultural Cooperative (AC) and participated in the Prambeimom cluster since 17 June 2019 as a local buyer. She participated in various meetings of the AIMS Project, specifically arranged for the multi-stakeholder platform (MSP), business to business (B2B), business to services (B2S), and other activities in their community.  For more information, see the link

05/ Market Linkage of a Backyard Chicken Trader in Tropang Kor Commune of Kampong Cham Province

Based on the statistics gathered from the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry, and Fisheries (MAFF), from the period 2013 to 2019, poultry production has increased by 35% from 20-million to 27-million heads. Among this number, around 85% was produced by smallholders that were active in this backyard chicken production.

Mr. Sok Ry, 34, is living in Saang village, Trapaing Kor commune, Cheung Prey District, Kampong Cham. He is married and with two (2) children (one female and one male). He is one of the many value chain chicken actors who provided innovation in chicken farming.   Firstly, he invested in total US$1,450 for the construction of a chicken slaughterhouse, and the project supported 20% or US$290 coming from Value Chain Investment Fund (VCIF) from Component 2. Based on competitive intelligence analysis, he is a potential entrepreneur who is precisely aware of the market, operational, strategic, and tactical aspects related to his business. Moreover, he is able to make profits of around 1-1.5 million Riels per month from this business. The most important thing is that he had a big vision to expand his business in the next 2 or 3 years. He was very grateful to the AIMS project that provided him links with potential markets, various buyers, and other members of the cluster for possible buying and selling contracts.  For more information, see the link

04/ Cassava Contract Farming Provides Steady Income for Smallholder Farmers in Lpeak Village of Kampong Cham

Several communities in Kampong Cham Province, with about 101 households of a cassava producer cluster have successfully signed a contract with Shing Kimheng Cassava Enterprise for approximately 6,000 tons of wet cassava for the next 6 months in 2020, which will be cultivated in around 350 hectares of productive land in Lpeak Village, Srok Commune, Kampong Siem District. Cassava will be sold to the company at a higher price than the market price, giving hundreds of farmers a chance to earn a better living. This group was trained on technical aspects of cassava cultivation by AN Fertilizer Company, one of the input supplier partners in the province. Many smallholders in the cluster and nearby communities are now using the techniques they learned to improve their production. About 26 out of 101 total households have higher commitments to expand their investments in cassava cultivation by borrowing additional capital from KREDIT, AMRET, AMK MFIs, and Government-owned Rural Development Bank (RDB) amounting to an estimated US$40,000. This additional capital has been utilized by the smallholder farmers in expanding their production capacity and purchase good input supplies such as fertilizers, seed materials, and others. Currently, the members of this cluster are strongly drawing their attention in cluster and MSP meetings to get additional techniques in cultivating cassava and solving current issues and challenges in marketing, as well as in meeting the terms and conditions in the contract farming arrangement. For more information, see the link

03/ Vegetable Cluster Increases Farmer’s Income Generation Through High and Stable Market Price in Trapeangpring Khancheoung Village of Kampot Province

With an increasing population, rising household income, and greater infrastructure development in Cambodia, opportunities are emerging for the vegetable industry to supply hotels, hospitals, supermarkets, and restaurants. These institutional buyers need more vegetables for their menus and are looking for more reliable suppliers who can give them a constant supply at a good price while maintaining good quality. With increasing competition from imported products, domestic vegetable producers are unable to meet the demand, the quality specifications, or supply the institutional market at a competitive price. As the majority of the vegetable farmers in Cambodia cultivate less than 3 hectares, producers and producer organizations must collaborate to consolidate their produce. One of the many alternatives for vegetable marketing is to form clusters. An example of this vegetable cluster was formed in December 2018 at Trapeangpring Khancheoung village, Trapeangpring commune, Teukchhou district, Kampot province.  It has interconnected stakeholders such as producers, buyers, input suppliers, and service providers being supported by the Ministry of Commerce’s Accelerating Inclusive Markets for Smallholders Project (AIMS). The cluster was formed with the aim of strengthening smallholder farmers by adopting agri-business approaches to have access to the market and to the other actors of the value chain for mixed vegetables. For more information, see the link

02/ The Establishment of Market Linkages on Rice Production at Mongkol Borei of Banteay Meanchey Province

On July 26, 2019, a group of rice farmer clusters signed a Contract Farming Agreement with Cambodia Development of Farming Season Association (Monita group co., Ltd.), supported by the AIMS Project Team from the Regional Hub of Battambang and the PDOC-Battambang. After the formulation of clusters, both parties agreed on the following: (i) trader is responsible for collecting all rice harvest from farmers, transport them to the main road in the commune, where the transport system can have easy access; (ii)  fixing on the price of rice despite the fact that price in the market has changed;  (iii) farmers can be a member of the association of rice miller and farmers and  (iv) the farmers have to sell 80% of harvested rice to the company as stated in the agreement and the other 20% can be sold to other traders if the price offered is higher than the company. For more information, see the link

01/ Innovative Practices of Backyard Chicken Raisers in O’Krabao Village of Battambang Province

The demand for chicken consumption has increased from about 29 million kilograms in 2016 to more than 40 million kilograms in 2019, while Cambodia can only produce 25 million kilograms. The demand for chicken is expected to rise as the population is increasing at a rate of 1.3% per year and becoming an alternative for fish and other meat products. AIMS Project uses a market-driven approach as a vehicle to connect smallholder farmers with the market and financial resources to support smallholder producers of backyard chicken.

The Backyard Chicken cluster formed in 2018 in O’ Krabao village is trying its best to tap this market opportunity.  However, the cluster faces many challenges:  lack of capacity to manage the risk of chicken disease outbreaks; lack of market system in place; lack of access to finance by chicken raisers; lack of access to markets and information; price fluctuation; and lack of supportive environment. For more information, see the link